The questions will test candidates' understanding of the purpose of instructional techniques and how they fit within the instructional cycle; i.e., learning methods designed to foster student behavior, behaviors, and skills.
Teachers and coaches use instructional techniques and assessment strategies to improve the learning of children. However, assessment techniques do not play a role in instructional techniques, and should be used independently of instructional techniques.
Teachers and coaches can also use instructional techniques to meet students' academic needs, and their roles are the same with respect to assessment. Assessment is used to evaluate job performance and student achievement. Assessment is also used to earn a teaching credential. A teaching certificate, which is required for all teachers, and a federal teaching credential, which is required for all teachers who have not earned a teacher education degree, are awarded after the candidate's teacher effectiveness has been evaluated to the highest satisfaction of the candidate's supervisory teacher. The teaching credential is a requirement for teachers who want to earn a promotion in a school or to transfer to a new school.
For this subarea, beginning with a prompt such as, "Typically teachers plan and implement lesson plans to teach and assess student learning," candidates should be asked to choose the effectively organized lesson plan, group instruction strategies that cannot be easily substituted (effective), and appropriate tactics for modeling and prompting to help students do work effectively. The same procedures must be followed in the assessment of learning to show that student performance improves, as in an instructionally appropriate achievement test. d2c66b5586