This data collection contains additional "small" habitat cores that had a minimum size of 1 female marten home range (300ha), but were too small to meet the minimum size threshold of 5 female home ranges (1500ha) used to define cores in the Primary Model. Packages available for download include the following data layers:
This data collection contains the two compiled input surfaces (Habitat Surface and Resistance Surface) that were used to derive habitat cores and movement corridors in our primary model. It also includes an intermediary dataset (Moving Window Averages) that was produced by the Core Mapper tool in the process of producing Habitat Cores, as well as an intermediary dataset (Movement Cost Surface) that was produced by the Linkage Mapper tool in the process of producing least-cost corridors. Packages available for download include the following data layers:
A lookup table of resistance values is also available for download at the bottom of this section. This spreadsheet contains a list of component raster data layers that were used to compile our resistance surface, the classes of data represented within each of these rasters, and the resistance value we assigned to each class.
This data collection contains all of the processed datasets that were used to develop the Resistance Surface used in our primary model. Packages available for download include the following data layers:
This data collection contains all of the outputs from our secondary model, which replaced habitat cores with the boundaries of the four existing coastal marten populations (known as Extant Population Areas, as defined in the USFWS Species Status Assessment v2.0) and used Linkage Mapper to produce corridors connecting these populations. Packages available for download include the following data layers:
All of the map figures in our report are available in a higher resolution that have been packaged into one zip file available for download. These maps were produced at a scale intended for print in a report and not at a scale intended for zooming in to a high degree, but...
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Jean-Honoré Fragonard made this accomplished drawing while he was a student at the French Academy in Rome. The curriculum was relatively unusual because it actively promoted the practice of sketching outdoors, a sign of landscape's increasingly elevated status as an artistic genre. In this view of the Palatine Hill as seen from the Roman Forum, the artist adopted a low viewpoint and a wide angle that allowed him to create a bold, forceful composition. Using red chalk, he brilliantly rendered the complex formal interaction between buildings and nature.
A military officer and self-taught artist, Albert Dubois-Pillet was closely associated with the Neo-Impressionists. Led by Georges Seurat, this group of artists moved away from the spontaneity characteristic of the Impressionists and applied color with great discipline.Informed by scientific color theories, Dubois-Pillet orchestrated a careful layering of small dots and short strokes of varying densities, allowing the eye to blend adjoining units of color and the landscape to take shape. Yet Dubois-Pillet's singular style makes his view of the river Marne appear strikingly abstract against the paper's light tone.
Consistency in formatting also includes page number layout orientation (in other words, the direction the page number is facing). This is true even for a book which includes an intermittent page containing the occasional landscape oriented table or figure. Remember, even though the item on the page is presented in a landscape orientation, bound books always locate the page number in the same place, facing the same direction for the reader. In other words, the page number remains consistently portrait oriented even though all other items on the page may be presented with a landscape orientation.
The Graduate College requires students, writing their thesis/dissertation, to orient the page numbers in the portrait position and to be consistent, on portrait and landscape pages, throughout the entire document.
To make this all a bit simpler, a downloadable MS Word file has been created to further assist you. It contains three pages and built in section breaks. The landscape page contains a page number located in an area that is neither a part of the Header or Footer. Also contained are step-by-step instructions for its use.
All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.
When you change the orientation of a section of page to landscape, the header and footer of that section do not change orientation. Instead, the header and footer are at the top and bottom of the page on your screen, but when you print, they are in the left and right margins of the page, not the top and bottom. Any page numbers in the header or footer will appear sideways on the left or right of the printed page. These steps will help you move the page numbers to the appropriate spot and turn them on their side so they print correctly.
You have now disconnected the headers and footers in the sections prior to and following the landscape section of pages. This will prevent any changes you make to the page numbers on the landscape pages from affecting the numbering on other pages.
Rackham no longer requires dissertations to be prepped for printing. However, some departments still do. If your department requires you to prepare your dissertation for printing, you will have to alter the placement of the page numbers on your landscape pages.
Learn about over 1,000 camps and ghettos in Volumes I-III of this encyclopedia, which are available as a free PDF download. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes.
Some plants may have more value as a visual element in the landscape based on their physical characteristics. The visual value describes the energy or impact of the plant in relation to its surroundings. Some characteristics are more visually dominant and have a higher visual value, some are more functionally dominant, and some dominate simply by size. Upright forms, bright colors, and coarse textures are dramatic and have high visual impact. Low or prostrate forms, dull colors, and fine textures are calm and have low visual impact. The visual value of all plants is dependent on the distance from which they are viewed, the time of year, the quality of light, the adjacent plants, and the plants' health.
Tree forms are often dominant in the garden because of their size. Trees are also the most functional plants in the landscape, providing shade and blocking views, so when choosing a tree form, consider function first. Creating a shady area in the garden requires a round or oval tree, while a screen usually requires a more columnar or pyramidal form, and a weeping tree form makes a good focal point. It is also important to ensure the tree will not outgrow the space and require severe pruning. Choose the tree for its mature size and shape in relation to the space. Common tree forms include vase, columnar, round, weeping, and pyramidal (Figure 1).
Texture refers to how coarse or fine the overall surface and individual leaves of the plant feel or look (perceived visual texture). Like form, a variety of textures provides interest and contrast in the landscape. Texture can be found in the foliage, flowers, blades, and bark of the plant, as well as in the plant's overall branching pattern. The size and shape of the leaves most often determines the perceived texture of the plant. A plant can generally be described as having a coarse, medium, or fine texture (Figure 7). Coarse texture is more dominant than fine and tends to stand out individually, while fine texture is more subordinate and tends to unify compositions.
Coarse textures have high visual weight, and fine textures have low visual weight. Figures 11 and 12 show the contrast between a visually dominant landscape with all coarse texture and a less visually strong landscape with all fine texture.
Texture affects the perception of distance and scale. To make a space feel larger, locate plants so that the fine textures are along the outer perimeter, the medium textures are in the middle, and the coarse textures are closest to the viewer (Figure 13). The small size of the fine texture recedes in the landscape and is perceived as being farther away.
Color is the characteristic that most people notice first in a landscape, and it is also the characteristic by which most people select plants. However, designs based on color often fail because color is fleeting. Choosing a color theme requires an understanding of the properties of color and the basics of color theory. To learn more about choosing a color theme for the landscape, see Color in the Landscape: Finding Inspiration for a Color Theme ( ). A color theme is the overall color pattern of the entire landscape. For example, an analogous theme is made up of colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel and might include the colors from yellow to red. This means there are many considerations when choosing individual plants to stay true to the red to yellow palette. This is true for all the various color themes used in the landscape.
As our cities grow and the landscape of urban displacement changes, local authorities will be at the forefront of both responding to crises and reducing risk in the long-term. National responsibility and leadership and international accountability now must combine with local action.
Editions of Microsoft Visio that have an online subscription also have the ability to search for shapes in a number of third party stencils hosted by Microsoft. For example, searching for the word "Tile" shows that it is also found in an online stencil, which can then be selected and downloaded. This will download the whole stencil in your My Shapes folder in a sub-folder named after the third-party provider. These stencils, and all of the master shapes within them, are immediately available to use in the current and subsequent sessions. These stencils have been vetted by Microsoft and are safe to use. 2b1af7f3a8